Some valuable and cost efficient water saving tips are:
Test toilets for silent leaks, which can waste up to 10½ gallons an hour. Put a dozen drops of red food coloring into the tank, if the dye appears in the bowl, there is a silent leak; you may need to change the flapper or ball. If no dye shows up in the bowl after 15 minutes, the toilet is leak-free.
Do not use toilets as ashtrays or wastebaskets.
Turn off the shower while soaping or shampooing. Some low-flow heads have controls that make it easy or install a separate shut-off valve.
Putting just a little water into the sink for shaving avoids running hot water continuously.
Use low-suds detergents, which require less water for rinsing; the amount of foam has no effect on the cleansing power.
Use garbage disposals as little as possible. Throw such garbage as bones and eggshells into the trash.
Wash vegetables in a bowl of water, or in a sink with the drain closed. Then rinse under the tap briefly. Scrubbing a dozen potatoes under a tap can take 3 gallons of water.
Surprising Facts About Home Water Waste
Water is one of America's most precious resources. It's an essential part of our environment and our daily lives. Yet, it's being wasted at the rate of hundreds of billions of gallons per year. This, in turn, wastes another resource precious to you. Your money. Both the money you spend for water, and the water you spend to heat water. Read some facts and solutions about home water waste below:
A leaky faucet can waste 300 gallons of water a month.
Solution: Replace "O" Rings in old faucets, or cartridges in newer faucets.
A lot of dollars go down the drain. An average family that uses municipal water can save as much as $50 to $75 per year on water and sewer bills by switching to low-flow shower heads and low-flush toilets.
Solution: Install a water-saving shower head and low flush toilet.
Wasted water increases energy costs. For $10 or so per shower installation, the average family can save 5,000 to 10,000 gallons of water each year, plus the energy it took to heat half that water, perhaps $20 to $50.
Solution: Install water-saving shower heads.
A leaky toilet can waste 45,000 gallons in 6 months.
Solution: Find and fix the leak. Then install a water-saver toilet and save an additional 3 to 5 gallons per single flush.
Many older shower heads use 5 to 10 gallons per minute.
Solution: Install a water-saving shower head, which at 2.5 gallons per minute, will save you 50% to 75% of wasted shower water.